1, Flat feet
Wearing high heels for a long time, because the body’s strength is concentrated in some parts of the soles of the feet, rather than being divided equally between the soles of the feet, the poor walking posture causes the muscles of the feet to become weak, and then develops into a squatting flat foot; when walking daily, the human body relies on the big toe The roots, the small toe roots, and the heel support the body weight. When wearing high heels, the body weight is basically transferred to the forefoot, which tends to widen the forefoot, and the thumb bends to the outside, causing “thumb valgus” and arching of the sole of the foot. The tendons will be pulled. Over time, the tendons will relax, the arch bridge will lose support and collapse, and the original arch of the foot will collapse or disappear, forming a flat foot.
If the toenail is squeezed and repeated external impact injuries, it will easily lead to paronychia and bacterial infections causing paronychia. Wearing high heels for a long time can “invent” the onychomycosis through excessive compression, friction, and compression of the toes. Studies have shown that the time of wearing high heels is directly proportional to the prevalence of onychomycosis, especially in the damage to the small toe and the big toe. In addition, wearing narrow, high-heeled shoes, increased the compression and friction on the forefoot, easy to cause corns and moles.
3, The toe deformation
Long-term wear of high heels can also cause toe deformation, often manifested as hammertoe, bunion, hallux valgus, small toe varus and other symptoms. Since the bone of the phalangeal joint protrudes inward, prolonged wear of the pointed high heel causes the forefoot bone to be compressed, affecting the muscle attached to the big toe, causing the big toe to move along the other toes. If women wear high-heeled shoes without laces and shoes are small, it is more likely to cause the thumb toe or the small toe deformation.
4, Knee arthritis
Dr. Chen Qun told reporters that according to a British scholar’s study of the relationship between knee arthritis and high heels, the hip, knee and ankle joints are completely different when wearing high heels and walking barefoot. Frequently wearing high heels can significantly change the ankle joint. The normal function of the body must be compensated by the hip and knee to keep the gait stable while walking. Prolonged stress and stress can lead to degenerative changes in the joints of the patellofemoral joints, thereby inducing knee arthritis.
5, the Ankle injury
Wearing high heels also changes the shape of the feet and legs. As the foot moves and stands forward mainly by the tip of the toe, the contraction of the calf muscle is exacerbated. The practice has shown that the tension of the leg for a long time will lead to shortening of the leg tendon, which in turn will damage the ankle that maintains the balance of the body. When wearing high heels, the heel is raised, the compression of the Achilles tendon is less flexible, and it is easy to produce Achilles tendinitis. The stability of the ankle joint is weakened, so in the orthopedic clinic, cases of an ankle sprain or even a fracture due to the improper wearing of high heels are often encountered.
6, Urinary incontinence
When the average person walks, the heel first falls, which can slow down the impact force of 80%. However, when wearing high heels, the forefoot is forced to withstand excessive pressure, so that other parts of the body, such as the knee joint and the pelvis, absorb more shock. The greater the pressure on the pelvis and its nearby muscles, the faster the muscles, including the urethral sphincter, will degenerate, making the urinary tract urinary function weaker, so wearing high heels for a long time may cause urinary incontinence.
7, Low back pain
After putting on high heels, the body’s negative gravity line changes greatly, the pelvis leans forward, and the waist leans back. Excessive lumbar extension causes the back muscles to contract tightly.
The lumbar facet joints and joint capsules are in a state of tension, and the joint capsule and the back muscles are strained for a long time, causing low back pain. The pain in the lower back and the buttocks tend to be light and heavy. After the tiredness, the symptoms are aggravated when the day is over, the sitting time is long, the waist seems to be broken, and the hand sniper can be improved. Symptoms can be alleviated or disappeared after a period of time, but often re-emerged and difficult to heal. All of these are manifestations of lumbar muscle strain, and the consequences of lumbar muscle strain, so that the lower lumbar vertebrae with the most weight bearing and maximum activity are the most affected, which can accelerate bone hyperplasia, and cause degenerative changes such as ligament elasticity to decrease, or degree. Aggravation, a prelude to lumbar disc herniation, lumbar spinal stenosis, lumbar spondylolisthesis.